Functional Airspace Block Europe Central (FABEC)
In order to respond to the needs and future challenges of the air transport industry, MUAC and its partners are part of the Functional Airspace Block Europe Central (FABEC), which aims to implement multinational management of the airspace of six countries in order to increase efficiency.
In December 2010, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Switzerland signed the FABEC Treaty, which was ratified in June 2012. The Treaty sets out the framework of the States’ cooperation with a view to achieving the ambitions of the Single European Sky: to increase safety, to lower levels of emissions by introducing more direct and efficient routings, to provide capacity, thus ensuring punctual arrivals for passengers, and to improve military mission effectiveness.
The FABEC airspace is one of the busiest and most complex in the world. Most major European airports, major civil airways and military training areas are located in this area. Owing to its size and central position in Europe, FABEC is a cornerstone of the Single European Sky.
The FABEC airspace covers 1.7 million km², equal to 9% of the surface area of the European continent. It extends 960 NM (1,780 km) from north to south and 990 NM (1,835 km) from east to west.
The airspace includes 193 military training areas, 16 cross border areas and 88 airports including 4 major intercontinental hub airports (Amsterdam, Paris, Frankfurt and Munich).
The seven civil FABEC air navigation service providers are: ANA (Luxembourg), Belgocontrol (Belgium), DFS (Germany), DSNA (France), LVNL (the Netherlands), MUAC and skyguide (Switzerland). The military air navigation service providers are skyguide (CH), DFS and the German Air Force (D), the Royal Netherlands Air Force (NL), the Belgian Defence (B and LUX) and DIRCAM (FR) as well as MUAC.
The 14 area control centres (Brussels, Bordeaux, Brest, Marseille, Paris, Reims, Bremen, Munich, Karlsruhe, Langen, Maastricht, Amsterdam, Geneva and Zurich) handle about 5.79 million flights per year – 55% of European air traffic.
FABEC at a glance
- 6 States
- 7 civil air navigation service providers and their military counterparts
- Airspace of 1.7 million square kilometres
- 5.79 million flights per year
- High-density area with international hubs such as Frankfurt, Paris and Amsterdam and busy flows to the United Kingdom
- Several military training areas