ANS performance review publications
The work of the PRC results in numerous technical notes and publications. You can view these here on-line.
The publications are organised into the following groups:
- PRR (Performance Review Reports)
- ACE (ATM Cost Effectiveness reports)
- ANS at airports
- Terminal Navigation Charges
- Other Studies
Paper copies of the latest PRR and ACE reports can be obtained by clicking here
Performance Review Reports (PRR)
These reports present an assessment of the performance of the European Air Traffic Management system for a specific calendar year
ATM Cost Effectiveness reports (ACE)
The ACE reports present yearly factual data and analysis on cost-effectiveness and productivity for Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs) in Europe.
The analysis focuses primarily on costs that are under ANSPs' direct control and responsibility, namely the ATM/CNS provision costs.
Information disclosure is an essential component of a performance review system to ensure the cost-effectiveness of air navigation services, to support target-setting and performance processes and to meet the needs of the users.
The Specification for Economic Information Disclosure (Version 2.6) has been approved by the EUROCONTROL Director General on 31 December 2008. In December 2012 the new updated version (Version 3.0) has been released and approved.
ANS at airports
Algorithm - weather conditions at airports (May 2011)
- The document presents an open-source weather algorithm for implementation and local use by A-CDM groups and airport communities. It quantifies the weather conditions which have to be considered when measuring ANS performance at airports.
- This technical note describes the indicators selected by the ATMAP project for measuring operational ANS performance at airports.
ATMAP Report (December 2009)
- The report establishes a set of validated performance indicators addressing ANS performance at and around airports (ATMAP). Some 19 major airports, their corresponding ANSPs, major airlines, the EUROCONTROL Agency and IATA were involved on a voluntary basis. Together with the PRU and PRC representatives, they comprised the ATMAP Working Group, which drafted the report.
- This study analyses the relevant processes and developments within the sequence of allocating and using declared airport capacity at 5 German co-ordinated airports in the Summer 2005 schedule season.
This report analyses the drivers of punctuality at major European airports. It addresses the following areas:
- Air traffic scheduling and air traffic management processes;
- Measuring air transport operational performance;
- Drivers of variability before push-back (pre departure delays);
- Drivers of variability after push-back and
- Possible action areas to reducing variability of flight operations.
Terminal Navigation Charges
Final Terminal ANS costs and charges reported by the SES States in November 2013
In November 2013, States participating in the SES performance scheme (EU28, Norway and Switzerland) have provided a set of Terminal ANS costs and charges information covering up to the 2009-2014 period.
Click here to download the full set of November 2013 data.
The following “TNC Overview” presents a consolidation of TNC data reported in November 2013.
Click here to download the TNC Overview.
Final Terminal ANS costs and charges reported by the SES States in November 2012
Click here to download the final Terminal ANS costs and charges information, which were collected in November 2012.
Preliminary Terminal ANS costs and charges data reported by the SES States in June 2013 in support to the target setting process for RP2 (2015-2019).
Click here to download the full set of Preliminary RP2 data.
Terminal Navigation Service Charges (abbreviated as TNC) should not be confused with Airport charges.
Airport charges typically include: landing charges, passenger charges, cargo charges, parking and hangar charges, security charges, noise charges, and are covered by Directive 2009/12/EC.
The cost of terminal services shall be related to the following services:
- aerodrome control services, aerodrome flight information services including air traffic advisory services, and alerting services;
- air traffic services related to the approach and departure of aircraft within a certain distance of an airport on the basis of operational requirements;
- an appropriate allocation of all other air navigation services components, reflecting a proportionate distribution between en-route and terminal services.
The SES States comprise of EU 28 countries + Switzerland and Norway (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia (joined the EU on 1st July 2013), Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom).
- The ALoSP survey and analysis study provides a comprehensive understanding of the ALoSP concept and its current implementation status in EUROCONTROL Member States in terms of the concept definition, scope, and implementation challenges.
This factual report provides a summary of the feedback received from civil and military stakeholders in order to highlight possible deficiencies and inconsistencies in the way civil military cooperation and coordination is performed throughout the Member States.The results are based on a survey carried out between October 2015 and March 2016.
- This report is a factual high-level comparison of Air Navigation Services (ANS) provision costs in Europe and the United States of America (US), based on comparable data and a well-established EUROCONTROL economic ACE performance framework. It is an update of the comparison of ANS cost-efficiency trends published in 2013and focuses on the period from 2006 to 2014. The report was prepared by the EUROCONTROL Performance Review Unit (PRU) on behalf of the European Commission.
- This report is the 5th in a series of joint ATM operational performance comparisons between the US and Europe. It represents the 2nd edition under the Memorandum of Cooperation between the United States and the European Union. Building on established operational key performance indicators, the goal of the joint study conducted by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and EUROCONTROL on behalf of the European Union is to understand differences between the two ATM systems in order to further optimise ATM performance and to identify best practices for the benefit of the overall air transport system. The analysis is based on a comparable set of data and harmonised assessment techniques for developing reference conditions for assessing ATM performance.
- This document is a joint publication of the Air Traffic Organization System Operations Services of the FAA and EUROCONTROL on behalf of the European Union, in the interest of the exchange of information. The objective is to make a factual high-level comparison of Air Traffic Management performance between the US and Europe. The report is based on a set of comparable performance indicators, developed jointly and reviewed year after year, creating a sound basis for factual comparisons between countries and world regions.
- This report has been produced by the Performance Review Commission (PRC). The PRC was established by the Permanent Commission of EUROCONTROL in accordance with the ECAC Institutional Strategy 1997. One objective of this strategy is “to introduce a strong, transparent and independent performance review and target setting system to facilitate more effective management of the European ATM system, encourage mutual accountability for system performance...”
- This document is a joint publication of the Air Traffic Organization System of the FAA and the Performance Review Commission of EUROCONTROL in the interest of the exchange of information.
- This study was produced jointly by the EUROCONTROL Performance Review Commission and the Federal Aviation Administration Air Traffic Organization System Operations Services. It updates the first report, which was published in 2009, based on year 2008 data.
- This technical note sets out the results of an econometric analysis of the cost-effectiveness of air service navigation provision. The study has been commissioned to Competition Economists Group (CEG) experts by the Performance Review Unit.
European airline delay cost reference values (December 2015)
- This report is a reference document for European delay costs incurred by airlines, both at the strategic (planning) and tactical stages. It was produced by the University of Westminster, and is an update and extension of earlier work produced by them.
US/Europe Comparison of ATM-related Operational Performance (October 2009)
- This report makes a high-level comparison of ATM-related operational performance between the US and Europe. It was jointly produced by the PRC and the Air Traffic Organization Strategy and Performance Business Unit of the US FAA.
Technical note - Vertical Flight Efficiency (March 2008)
- This technical note seeks to estimate the impact of ATM on vertical flight efficiency.
PRC Evaluation of Civil/Military Airspace Utilisation (November 2007)
- This report reviews the sharing of European airspace above FL195 and use of shared airspace for civil traffic and military activities in 2005. It identifies best practices and enablers to maximise the usage of airspace. It addresses airspace in seven States: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, focusing on European core airspace.
Cost Benchmarking of ANSPs: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis (November 2006)
- This report presents the results of an econometric analysis of the costs of Air Navigation Service Providers in Europe.
- This report documents the results of a PRU survey of each State in relation to legal and regulatory provisions likely to impede safety reporting. The results have been verified with each State or Air Navigation Service Provider concerned
- This report documents the results of a study that has evaluated the impact of fragmentation in en-route European Air Traffic Management and Communications, Navigation and surveillance (ATM/CNS).
- This report defines complexity indicators for application in the context of ANSP benchmarking analyses.
- This report develops a framework of indicators aimed at supporting the steering of air traffic safety in Europe.
This note presents the methodology used to measure the Total Factor Productivity (TFP) of European ANSPs
- This report documents the results of a study that has evaluated the true cost to airlines of one minute of airborne and ground delay.
Report on Aeronautical MET Costs (May 2004)
- This report analyses the costs for providing meteorological services to aviation in Europe.
- This report compares the performance in selected US and European En-route Centres
- Outcome of a survey conducted by the PRU in 2001-2002
Cost Effectiveness and Productivity KPIs (October 2001)
- This working paper presents the development of precise KPIs for cost effectiveness, productivity and efficiency by the KPI drafting workgroup operating under the steering group of information disclosure
- This report is a fact-finding study, which assesses the actual status of civil / military co-ordination in Air Traffic Management. It is a study that has been jointly conducted by the Performance Review Unit and the EUROCONTROL Agency
Costs of Air Transport delay in Europe, ITA (November 2000)
- The aim of this study, which is sponsored by the EUROCONTROL Performance Review Unit, is to improve understanding of the various aspects of air transport delay costs and to assess unit costs of the various types of delays that occur either airborne or on the ground.
The study has been performed by the Performance Review Unit with the assistance of the EEC at Brétigny.
The subject of this study is to develop a framework for the cost benchmarking of the European en-route Air Navigation Services (ANS).
This document proposes a top-level structure of Key Performance Areas and associated performance indicators to measure the performance of Air Traffic Management. It is intended to be a living document that will improve as experience is gained.