PRC Publications

The work of the PRC results in numerous technical notes and publications. You can view these here on-line.

The publications are organised into the following groups:

  • PRR (Performance Review Reports)
  • ACE (ATM Cost Effectiveness reports)
  • ANS at airports
  • Terminal Navigation Charges
  • Other Studies

Paper copies of the latest PRR and ACE reports can be obtained by clicking here

PRR

Performance Review Reports (PRR)

These reports present an assessment of the performance of the European Air Traffic Management system for a specific calendar year

PRR 2016 (Final Draft)

PRR 2015       PRR 2014       PRR 2013       PRR 2012       PRR 2011

PRR 2010       PRR 2009       PRR 2008       PRR 2007     PRR 2006

PRR 2005       PRR 2004       PRR 2003       PRR 2002     PRR 2001

PRR 2000       PRR 1999       PRR 1999 (delays)               PRR 1998

ACE

ATM Cost Effectiveness reports (ACE)

The ACE reports present yearly factual data and analysis on cost-effectiveness and productivity for Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs) in Europe.

The analysis focuses primarily on costs that are under ANSPs' direct control and responsibility, namely the ATM/CNS provision costs.

ACE 2015        ACE 2014        ACE 2013        ACE 2012

ACE 2011        ACE 2010        ACE 2009       ACE 2008       ACE 2007

ACE 2006        ACE 2005       ACE 2004       ACE 2003       ACE 2002

Information disclosure is an essential component of a performance review system to ensure the cost-effectiveness of air navigation services, to support target-setting and performance processes and to meet the needs of the users.

The Specification for Economic Information Disclosure (Version 2.6) has been approved by the EUROCONTROL Director General on 31 December 2008. In December 2012 the new updated version (Version 3.0) has been released and approved.

Airport ANS

ANS at airports  

 

Algorithm - weather conditions at airports (May 2011)

  • The document presents an open-source weather algorithm for implementation and local use by A-CDM groups and airport communities. It quantifies the weather conditions which have to be considered when measuring ANS performance at airports.

Measuring Operational ANS performance at Airports (May 2011)

  • This technical note describes the indicators selected by the ATMAP project for measuring operational ANS performance at airports.

ATMAP Report (December 2009)

  • The report establishes a set of validated performance indicators addressing ANS performance at and around airports (ATMAP). Some 19 major airports, their corresponding ANSPs, major airlines, the EUROCONTROL Agency and IATA were involved on a voluntary basis. Together with the PRU and PRC representatives, they comprised the ATMAP Working Group, which drafted the report.

Study on the usage of declared capacity at major German airports (Jan 2007)

  • This study analyses the relevant processes and developments within the sequence of allocating and using declared airport capacity at 5 German co-ordinated airports in the Summer 2005 schedule season.

Report on Punctuality Drivers at Major European Airports (May 2005)

  • This report analyses the drivers of punctuality at major European airports. It addresses the following areas:
    • Air traffic scheduling and air traffic management processes;
    • Measuring air transport operational performance;
    • Drivers of variability before push-back (pre departure delays);
    • Drivers of variability after push-back and
    • Possible action areas to reducing variability of flight operations.

TNC

Terminal Navigation Charges

Final Terminal ANS costs and charges reported by the SES States in November 2013

In November 2013, States participating in the SES performance scheme (EU28, Norway and Switzerland) have provided a set of Terminal ANS costs and charges information covering up to the 2009-2014 period.

Click here to download the full set of November 2013 data.

The following “TNC Overview” presents a consolidation of TNC data reported in November 2013.
Click here to download the TNC Overview.

Final Terminal ANS costs and charges reported by the SES States in November 2012

Click here to download the final Terminal ANS costs and charges information, which were collected in November 2012.

Preliminary Terminal ANS costs and charges data reported by the SES States in June 2013 in support to the target setting process for RP2 (2015-2019).

Click here to download the full set of Preliminary RP2 data.

Reminder:

Terminal Navigation Service Charges (abbreviated as TNC) should not be confused with Airport charges.

Airport charges typically include: landing charges, passenger charges, cargo charges, parking and hangar charges, security charges, noise charges, and are covered by Directive 2009/12/EC.

The cost of terminal services shall be related to the following services:

  1. aerodrome control services, aerodrome flight information services including air traffic advisory services, and alerting services;
  2. air traffic services related to the approach and departure of aircraft within a certain distance of an airport on the basis of operational requirements;
  3. an appropriate allocation of all other air navigation services components, reflecting a proportionate distribution between en-route and terminal services.

SES States:

The SES States comprise of EU 28 countries + Switzerland and Norway (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia (joined the EU on 1st July 2013), Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom).

 

 

 

Studies

Studies 

2017 Review of civil military coordination and cooperation arrangements (December 2016)

  • This factual report provides a summary of the feedback received from civil and military stakeholders  in order to highlight possible deficiencies and inconsistencies in the way civil military cooperation and coordination is performed throughout the Member States.The results are based on a survey carried out between October 2015 and March 2016.

2016 U.S. -Europe comparison of ANS cost-efficiency trends (2006-2014)

  • This report is a factual high-level comparison of Air Navigation Services (ANS) provision costs in Europe and the United States of America (US), based on comparable data and a well-established EUROCONTROL economic ACE performance framework. It is an update of the comparison of ANS cost-efficiency trends published in 2013and focuses on the period from 2006 to 2014. The report was prepared by the EUROCONTROL Performance Review Unit (PRU) on behalf of the European Commission.

2015 Comparison of Air Traffic Management-Related Operational Performance: U.S./Europe (August 2016)

  • This report is the 5th in a series of joint ATM operational performance comparisons between the US and Europe. It represents the 2nd edition under the Memorandum of Cooperation between the United States and the European Union. Building on established operational key performance indicators, the goal of the joint study conducted by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and EUROCONTROL on behalf of the European Union is to understand differences between the two ATM systems in order to further optimise ATM performance and to identify best practices for the benefit of the overall air transport system. The analysis is based on a comparable set of data and harmonised assessment techniques for developing reference conditions for assessing ATM performance.

2013 Comparison of Air Traffic Management-Related Operational Performance: U.S./Europe (June 2014)

  • This document is a joint publication of the Air Traffic Organization System Operations Services of the FAA and EUROCONTROL on behalf of the European Union, in the interest of the exchange of information. The objective is to make a factual high-level comparison of Air Traffic Management performance between the US and Europe. The report is based on a set of comparable performance indicators, developed jointly and reviewed year after year, creating a sound basis for factual comparisons between countries and world regions.

U.S.-Europe continental comparison of ANS cost-efficiency trends 2002-2011 (November 2013)

  • This report has been produced by the Performance Review Commission (PRC). The PRC was established by the Permanent Commission of EUROCONTROL in accordance with the ECAC Institutional Strategy 1997. One objective of this strategy is “to  introduce a strong, transparent and independent performance review and target setting system to facilitate more effective management of the European ATM system, encourage mutual accountability for system performance...”

2012 comparison of Air Traffic Management-related Operational Performance: US-Europe (November 2013)

  • This document is a joint publication of the Air Traffic Organization System of the FAA and the Performance Review Commission of EUROCONTROL in the interest of the exchange of information.

2010 U.S./Europe Comparison of ATM-related Operational Performance report (April 2012)

  •  This study was produced jointly by the EUROCONTROL Performance Review Commission and the Federal Aviation Administration Air Traffic Organization System Operations Services. It updates the first report, which was published in 2009, based on year 2008 data.

Econometric Cost-Efficiency benchmarking of Air Navigation Service Providers (May 2011)

  • This technical note sets out the results of an econometric analysis of the cost-effectiveness of air service navigation provision. The study has been commissioned to Competition Economists Group (CEG) experts by the Performance Review Unit.

European airline delay cost reference values (December 2015)

  • This report is a reference document for European delay costs incurred by airlines, both at the strategic (planning) and tactical stages. It was produced by the University of Westminster, and is an update and extension of earlier work produced by them.

US/Europe Comparison of ATM-related Operational Performance (October 2009)

  • This report makes a high-level comparison of ATM-related operational performance between the US and Europe. It was jointly produced by the PRC and the Air Traffic Organization Strategy and Performance Business Unit of the US FAA.

Technical note - Vertical Flight Efficiency (March 2008)

  • This technical note seeks to estimate the impact of ATM on vertical flight efficiency.

PRC Evaluation of Civil/Military Airspace Utilisation (November 2007)

  • This report reviews the sharing of European airspace above FL195 and use of shared airspace for civil traffic and military activities in 2005. It identifies best practices and enablers to maximise the usage of airspace. It addresses airspace in seven States: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, focusing on European core airspace.

Cost Benchmarking of ANSPs: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis (November 2006)

  • This report presents the results of an econometric analysis of the costs of Air Navigation Service Providers in Europe.

Legal and Cultural Issues in relation to ATM Safety Occurrence Reporting in Europe (September 2006)

  • This report documents the results of a PRU survey of each State in relation to legal and regulatory provisions likely to impede safety reporting. The results have been verified with each State or Air Navigation Service Provider concerned

Report on the impact of fragmentation in European ATM/CNS (April 2006)

  • This report documents the results of a study that has evaluated the impact of fragmentation in en-route European Air Traffic Management and Communications, Navigation and surveillance (ATM/CNS).

Report on Complexity Metrics for ANSP Benchmarking Analysis (April 2006)

  • This report defines complexity indicators for application in the context of ANSP benchmarking analyses.

A framework of indicators for the potential influence of ANS on air traffic safety in Europe (April 2006)

  • This report develops a framework of indicators aimed at supporting the steering of air traffic safety in Europe.

Total Factor Productivity of European Air Navigation Services Providers: Basic Concepts and Empirical Application (September 2005)

  • This note presents the methodology used to measure the Total Factor Productivity (TFP) of European ANSPs

Evaluating the true cost to airlines of one minute of airborne or ground delay (May 2004)

  • This report documents the results of a study that has evaluated the true cost to airlines of one minute of airborne and ground delay.

Report on Aeronautical MET Costs (May 2004)

  • This report analyses the costs for providing meteorological services to aviation in Europe.

A comparison of performance in selected US and European En-route Centres (May 2003)

  • This report compares the performance in selected US and European En-route Centres

Legal Constraints to non punitive ATM Safety Occurrence Reporting in Europe (December 2002)

  • Outcome of a survey conducted by the PRU in 2001-2002

Cost Effectiveness and Productivity KPIs (October 2001)

  • This working paper presents the development of precise KPIs for cost effectiveness, productivity and efficiency by the KPI drafting workgroup operating under the steering group of information disclosure

Status of Civil-Military Co-ordination in air traffic management (October 2001)

  • This report is a fact-finding study, which assesses the actual status of civil / military co-ordination in Air Traffic Management. It is a study that has been jointly conducted by the Performance Review Unit and the EUROCONTROL Agency

Costs of Air Transport delay in Europe, ITA (November 2000)

  • The aim of this study, which is sponsored by the EUROCONTROL Performance Review Unit, is to improve understanding of the various aspects of air transport delay costs and to assess unit costs of the various types of delays that occur either airborne or on the ground.

Progress towards Cost Benchmarking of the European ATM system (July 2000)

  • The study has been performed by the Performance Review Unit with the assistance of the EEC at Brétigny.
    The subject of this study is to develop a framework for the cost benchmarking of the European en-route Air Navigation Services (ANS).

The PRC´s European ATM Performance Measurement System (June 1999)

Performance Review Unit

We welcome comments and proposals on any aspect of our work, or on any aspect of European air traffic management.

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