Support to SES
The civil-military SES implementation unit provides support as requested by the Member States in all domains related to the implementation of the Single European Sky (SES) and its potential impact on military aviation activities.
The SES is not directly applicable to the Military as defence and security are activities which remain the sole responsibility of the States. However, as the European transport policy directly impacts the organisation of the airspace which is used by all, civil and military, the SES has a direct impact on the Military and its access to airspace.
Subsequently, the Member States have to make important decisions related to how they intend to instruct their military forces to adapt to the SES developments. In order to help the States in this exercise, the civil-military SES implementation unit is providing support and advice tailored to the specific needs and intentions of the requesting States. In order to provide support to its stakeholders, EUROCONTROL has issued a guideline document (the SESIM Guideline) which includes an overview of the SES legislation relevant to military stakeholders.
The regular activities and current achievements of the unit are listed in the tabs below.
Civil / Military ATM performance enhancement
Performance is the driver of the future ATM system
Different Key Performance Areas (KPA) and Indicators (KPI) are being developed in the framework of the SES, SESAR and DMEAN. DSS/CM assists the civil and military stakeholders to align their performance framework with ongoing activities, such as the civil-military dimension of the performance scheme and SESAR.
To this end DSS/CM has supported the states in the adoption of their own performance indicators relevant for the development of the civil-military dimension of the performance plan. In addition DSS/CM has developed the set of performance indicators regarding GAT planning and usage of Special Use Airspace (SUA) in relation to the actual status of SUA. It allows a balanced approach in monitoring civil-military airspace structure usage.
The combined use of civil and military performance indicators will improve transparency and support the establishment of a performance-based partnership. In the end, it should enhance civil-military cooperation and coordination through the development of the civil-military and military performance framework addressing all areas and indicators where civil-military cooperation can be improved.
The consultation process with nations and other EUROCONTROL stakeholders is ongoing. A set of civil/military KPIs has been identified.
PRISMIL: Pan-European Repository of Information Supporting Military Key Performance Indicators - The very first civil-military performance measurement system
An assessment of the performance of FUA operations is mandatory for the Member States. In addition, they have to archive data on requests, allocations and actual uses of airspace structures and provide this data to European Commission. PRISMIL provides the means to do so. In addition, PRISMIL provides the set of performance indicators for monitoring the ATM impact on military mission effectiveness. Launched in 2006, the PRISMIL programme aims to enable harmonised automated data collection in support of military Key Performance Indicators (KPI). PRISMIL develops a single source of comprehensive and integrated high-quality information on military utilisation of airspace within Europe.
The Business Intelligence solution facilitates, in a user-friendly way, the performance measurement, monitoring, analysis, benchmarking, reporting and review at national, FAB- or pan-European levels. The data and the applications supporting ATM performance monitoring and analysis can be accessed by service providers, airspace users, planners and designers, whether front-line operators or top managers. A performance dashboard allows users to personalise the lay-out in accordance with their individual needs.
PRISMIL is one system to fit everyone. It uses existing national systems to collect and integrate performance data. As a consequence, there is no additional cost for the stakeholders.
The main functions of PRISMIL are
- Data collection and integration from different data sources,
- Aggregation of the civil-military performance indicators
- Personalisation of the presentation of KPIs in accordance with stakeholder needs and requirements;
- Pre-configured and ad-hoc personalised reporting;
- On-line validation of national reports prior to publication;
- Data querying
The Local And sub-Regional ASM support system (LARA) has been designed and developed taking into consideration the requirements defined by the SES legislation, in particular Commission Regulation (EC) N° 2150/2005 laying down common rules for the flexible use of airspace and Regulation (EC) N° 552/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the interoperability of the European Air Traffic Management network (the interoperability Regulation), as amended by Regulation (EC) No° 1070/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 amending Regulations (EC) N° 549/2004, (EC) N° 550/2004, (EC) N° 551/2004 and (EC) N° 552/2004 in order to improve the performance and sustainability of the European aviation system.
In order to assist States with their obligation for verification of compliance of LARA with the interoperability Regulation, EUROCONTROL has produced a document which is delivered to LARA users with the official LARA release. It offers the ANSPs a basis to develop the required Declaration of Verification (DoV) and the accompanying technical file.
A study has also been carried out to map the particular provisions of the SES Regulation which are met once the Local And sub-Regional ASM support system (LARA) is implemented. The resulting document can, when finalised, support the States to explain compliance.
Since the publication of the relevant EC Regulations, several FAB initiatives have been started by Member States and Air Navigation Service Providers. The Agency has supported this with feasibility studies, and EUROCONTROL published guidelines to support military stakeholders to analyse and define their requirements when establishing a FAB. EUROCONTROL is available to support the States in the civil-military context with further work. For the moment support is continued to work packages in FABEC.
For further information you may consult the EUROCONTROL FAB Guidelines.
Civil Use of Military Aerodromes (CUMA)
The significant growth in the number of flights forecast for the medium/long term in the ECAC area will challenge the air transport system’s ability to accommodate a much bigger demand with the appropriate level of safety and efficiency. In particular, if overall airport capacity will not be adequately adapted to the future traffic demand, it will represent a serious limiting factor for the expected growth of aviation.
A possible solution to alleviate the future airport capacity crunch could be the expansion of the use of military aerodromes by civil aviation, as envisaged by recent authoritative documents and the SESAR programme.
The joint civil-military use of designated military aerodromes (for brevity, CUMA: Civil Use of Military Aerodromes) is a practice already in place in many ECAC States, on the basis of national regulations or agreements laying down competencies and responsibilities for the involved civil and military counterparts. This national approach makes the current ECAC-wide arrangements for CUMA fragmented.
EUROCONTROL CUMA Guidelines
EUROCONTROL DSS/CM, by virtue of its unique position in the field of civil-military ATM cooperation, intends to contribute by developing the EUROCONTROL Guidelines supporting CUMA, produced with the help of Agency and States’ airport operations, ATM, legal and regulatory experts.
This document aims at supporting the national decision-making process and offers a means for ECAC-wide harmonised implementation of CUMA by representing benefits for civil and military parties, highlighting key institutional, legal, financial, technical and operational issues, and proposing related recommendations.
By definition, EUROCONTROL Guidelines are not binding for States; therefore, the application of recommendations from the CUMA Guidelines is voluntary.
In full recognition of States’ prerogatives on defence matters such as military aerodromes, the CUMA Guidelines take due account of existing ICAO documents and EC legislation, in particular the Single European Sky I and II provisions.
A Fact-Finding Study on Existing Legislation, Regulation, Procedures and Practices across ECAC and Relevant Non-ECAC States in the Joint Civil-Military use of Military Aerodromes, commissioned by DSS/CM to SILURI Integration Ltd. was delivered in August 2008. It intends to bring together available information with regard to the current organization in the conduct of CUMA in some ECAC States and in the United States of America.
Certification is one of the processes used to manage and ensure common and harmonised safety levels in aviation. In the Single European Sky (SES) regulatory framework, systems have to be certified to be deemed interoperable.
The performance-based certification (PBC) concept addresses the requirements for the certification of airborne systems and provides guidance to national military aviation authorities proposing ways to certify their systems against ATM/CNS regulations for mandated systems based on the performance of these systems and not so much equipage or system architecture requirements.